Black Holes and Holograms: A New Theory That Changes Our Understanding of the Universe

Black Holes just got even more mysterious, yet way more understandable.

Scientists essentially theorize that Black Holes are kind of like holograms, in which all the information to produce a three-dimensional image is encoded on a two-dimensional surface. This is according to new research linking two discordant theories published in Physical Review X.

As quantum theories command, black holes could be incredibly complex and concentrate an enormous amount of information in two dimensions, in a similar way to the largest hard drives in existence today.

This precise idea aligns with Einstein’s theory of relativity, which describes black holes as three-dimensional, simple, spherical, and smooth, something that we actually managed to see when astronomers published the very first image of a black hole, back in 2019.

In other words, black holes appear to be three-dimensional, just like holograms.

NEWSLETTER

Never miss a news release from the Curiosmos team.

For astrophysicists, black holes pose arduous theoretical challenges for many reasons. They are, for one, excellent representatives of the great paradoxes of theoretical physics in combining the principles of Einstein’s general theory of relativity with those of quantum physics of gravity.

According to current theory, black holes are simple bodies with no information. According to quantum physics, as Jacob Bekenstein and Stephen Hawking theorized, they are the most complex existing systems known in the universe, because they are characterized by enormous entropy, which measures the complexity of a system, and consequently they contain a lot of information.

To study black holes, the two authors of the new study, Francesco Benini and Paolo Milan – scientists at SISSA (International School of Advanced Studies) and the INFN (Instituto Nazionale de Fisica Nucleare) – used an idea established 30 years ago called the holographic principle.

In the new studies, the researchers explained that this innovative and somewhat counterintuitive principle proposes that the behavior of gravity in a given region of space can alternatively be expressed in terms of a complex system, which lives only along the edge of that region and, therefore, in one less dimension.

Most importantly, the researchers explain that in this alternative description (called holographic), gravity does not appear explicitly. In other words, the holographic principle allows us to describe gravity using language that does not contain gravity, avoiding so friction with quantum mechanics.

Confusing? It may sound so, but it isn’t actually. What Benini and Milan have done is apply the theory of the holographic principle to black holes. In this way, their mysterious thermodynamic properties have become more understandable: by focusing on predicting that these bodies have high entropy and looking at them in terms of quantum mechanics, which allows us to describe them as a hologram: they have two dimensions, in which gravity disappears, but they reproduce an object in three dimensions.

But there’s more. Much more.

According to the authors of the new studies, this is only the first step towards a deeper understanding of these cosmic bodies and the properties that characterize them when quantum mechanics intersects with general relativity.

© 2022 Petri Pixel. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

Related Posts

NΑSΑ Predicted Where Small Αsteroid Hit Earth Hoυrs Iп Αdvaпce

This real-life test shows that we coυld predict aп asteroid impact iп advaпce. This time-lapse photograph of 2022 WJ1 bυrпigп iп the atmosphere takeп by astroпomer Robert…

This Iпcredible, 100% Legitimate Video of Eυropa aпd Io Circliпg Jυpiter Has Goпe Viral

Α timelapse of Jυpiter’s mooпs Eυropa aпd Io orbitiпg the gas giaпt has goпe viral oп the iпterпet lately, owiпg to its absolυte awesomeпess. Maпy υsers have…

Elon Musk Plans To Give The Entire Planet Free Wi Fi, Here Is How He Will Do It

Elon Musk, despite all the controversies surrounding him, is a genius and a true businessman par excellence. One of his many attempts is obviously his famous and…

It’s Official: NASA Just Announced Plan to Send Humans to The Moon And Mars

NASA’s got a whole new plan. It wants boots on the Moon in 10 years and on Mars in 20. Give or take. On Wednesday, the space…

Scientists Find Breathable Oxygen In Another Galaxy For First Time In History

The space is full of mysteries. Now and then, we get a piece of news about outer space that blows our minds away. Astronomers have been working…

A Strange Black Hole Is Shooting Out Wobbly Jets Because It’s Dragging Spacetime

Some 7,800 light-years away, in the constellation of Cygnus, lies a most peculiar black hole. It’s called V404 Cygni, and in 2015, telescopes around the world stared…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *